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Member of the German Freikorps (German paramilitary force) after World War I.

During World War I, Schlageter was a voluntary emergency worker with the German army, and served at Ypres, the Somme, and Verdun, earning the Iron Cross. After the war, he joined the Freikorps, and took part in activities against the communist revolutionaries. In 1922, became associated with the recently formed Nazi Party. During the French occupation of the Ruhr in 1923, he led a unit sabotaging the French occupying forces, and for this he was court-martialled by the French and executed on May 26, 1923.

Schlageter subsequently became a martyr in the eyes of German nationalists. Hitler referred to him in Mein Kampf, and he was revered by the Nazi regime as a national hero.


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  • OJ 10/1, [78] Handwritten letter from Dahms to Schenker, dated August 23, 1923

    Dahms has received Tonwille 4 but not yet examined it. — Has deferred work on his Haydn book because of financial problems over Musik des Südens and poor take-up of subscriptions. — Debates whether to attend the Leipzig musicology conference. — Comments on German politics as the occupation of the Ruhr unfolds, and compares German attitudes with Italian.