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German company manufacturing steel, ammunition, and armaments.

Friedrich Krupp (1787–1826) established a steel foundry in Essen in 1810. His son, Alfred Krupp (1812–87), continued the company, making steel canons for the Russian, Turkish, and Prussian armies. Gustav von Bohlen, husband of the family heiress Bertha Krupp, who changed his name to Krupp, led the company from 1909 to 1941, supplying weapons to the German army in both world wars. His son, Alfried Krupp, a strong supporter of Hitler and Nazism, took over in 1941, and during that era, the company commandeered the industries of many occupied countries, and used slave labor drawn from concentration camps and civilian populations. Alfried and his co-defendents were convicted at the Krupp trial of crimes against humanity, and imprisoned, but subsequently amnestied, and Alfried was allowed to resume control of the company. The firm has continued to trade, and in 1999 became Thyssen Krupp Stahl AG.


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  • OJ 10/1, [45] Handwritten letter from Dahms to Schenker, dated September 26, 1919

    Dahms responds to Schenker's letter (non-extant). He reflects on Prussian militarism. He declares that there is no such things as "military genius"; Germany was as guilty as the Entente Powers for the war; soldiers were treated as slaves by their officers, with Wilhelm II bearing the ultimate guilt. He rejects all political parties. England does not treat its people as Germany does. He believes only in the German spirit, which he regards as the spirit of the world. He cannot wait to leave Germany, and wants only to immerse himself in Schenker's work.